Frequently Asked Questions

Everyone’s skin is unique and different. What we aim to do at 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® & SKIN101 is help you change the way you treat your skin, giving you YOUR BEST SKIN possible. We are doing this by helping you answer the common questions we encounter below;

Everyone has different needs for their different skin types, and the needs for your face are most times different from the needs for your body. You should use products that will serve your specific skin type and condition, not what your friend, neighbor or family member recommends. If you have an oily face, you should use products made for oily skin, if you have dry skin, you should use more intense moisturizers etc. All these have been discussed in-depth in the “your recommended skin routine” section of this website.
Your typical daily skincare regimen should include;
1. Cleansing
2. Exfoliation
3. Moisturization
4. +/- Treatment
5. Protection
Some products can serve dual purposes e.g. moisturizing sunscreens, exfoliating washes.

Take our WHAT IS MY SKIN TYPE test.
1 hour face test.
Wash your face with a mild facial wash, apply nothing, stay in a cool area for an hour and then use a sheet of tissue paper to cover the face and press onto the face. If there are no oils on the paper and your face feels tight, you have dry skin. If there are no oils and it feels normal, you have normal skin. If the oil is on some areas (forehead, nose especially) and other parts of the face are spared, you have combination skin. If there are oily patches scattered all over the face, then you have oily facial skin.

For the body, after a bath with a mild wash, if you feel the need to apply a moisturizer or the skin looks ashy, you most probably have dry skin. If there is no need to use a moisturizer and your skin looks good, it is normal. If the skin already feels greasy, it is oily.

Look up our recommendations for ingredients to look out for in products for your different skin types and conditions in the “your recommended skin routine” section of this website. You can purchase 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® products (Click here) based on the knowledge you have gained from “knowing your skin type” (Click here)

Uneven skin is caused by a myriad of conditions. To adequately manage superficial hyperpigmentation, you can go to the uneven/blemished products section (Product) of this website to get recommendations on products that will help you. We have a wide range of products and procedures at our affiliate facility, SKIN101 clinics, geared towards adequately and professionally managing deeper types of pigmentation problems.

Dull non-glowing skin will benefit from exfoliation through a combination of exfoliating topical products which you can find in our very potent “glow kit” (Product). In office procedures like chemical peels, microdermabrasion, hydra dermabrasion, micro-needling etc. also help to reveal fresher, clearer skin that will make you ecstatic. Note that glowing skin is not the same as bleaching. Skin in every complexion can glow without a change in skin tone.

Wrinkles are either superficial or deep. Superficial wrinkles and fine lines can be improved greatly by both topical products and procedures that stimulate collagen production. For example, products containing alpha, beta hydroxyl acids and retinoids (as found in our Anti-aging solutions/Facial Repair kit)(Products), and procedures like micro needling, mesotherapy, chemical peels, dermabrasion, PRP treatments all work together to produce great results and improve superficial wrinkles.
Deep wrinkles and furrows benefit from dermal fillers and Botox injections.

It is always easier to destroy than to build. Bleaching products can cause tremendous damage to skin that will take years to re-build. The approach to fixing damaged skin is multi-pronged. If damage is not severe, our “facial repair/anti-aging kit” (Product) and “body repair kit”(Product) will be very helpful in repairing what has been lost. In severe cases we typically require an extensive consultation to outline the type of damage involved and map out a treatment plan for the patient. These patients have a myriad of problems ranging from thin skin, discoloration which can only respond to laser treatments, unusually profuse and abnormal stretch marks, visible blood vessels, profuse dermatosis papulosa nigrans (dark colored moles) and many more. Damaged post-bleached skin can be very difficult to treat, requiring time and dedication from the patient and physician, hence our advocacy against unsafe bleaching practices.

Most of these concerns will require specialist treatment. Our affiliate facility SKIN101 clinics, offers a range of treatments to tackle each and every one of these problems. Look up our “services” (Product) tab of www.skin101ng.com to see what is available. Remember that achieving success with cosmetic treatments is not just the availability and accessibility to the procedures but the know-how and experience of the physician administering the treatments. SKIN101 clinics is not only well equipped, but well experienced in advising, choosing and administering the treatments and procedures that will give excellent results for specific conditions.

Most of these concerns will require specialist treatment. Our affiliate facility SKIN101 clinics, offers a range of treatments to tackle each and every one of these problems. Look up our “services” (Services) tab of www.skin101ng.com to see what is available. Remember that achieving success with cosmetic treatments is not just the availability and accessibility to the procedures but the know-how and experience of the physician administering the treatments. SKIN101 clinics is not only well equipped, but well experienced in advising, choosing and administering the treatments and procedures that will give excellent results for specific conditions.

Skin whitening, skin bleaching, skin lightening and skin brightening. These terminologies are used liberally and substituted for each other. But what do they really mean?
Skin lightening refers to the practice of using chemical or natural substances with the aim of lightening ones skin tone or achieving an even complexion. Skin lightening can then be divided into whitening, bleaching or brightening depending on the product used and duration of use.
Skin whitening and bleaching products are meant to hinder the production of melanin. The degree to which this melanin is hindered will then determine the intensity of results achieved.
Skin brightening on the other hand aims to improve a dull complexion mainly through exfoliation. The effects of the sun, stress, age and other environmental factors contribute to making our skin dull overtime. Removing dead skin cells will give the appearance of radiant, glowing skin and even remove dark spots and blemishes along with the older skin. This gives an illusion of brighter skin which would appear lighter without affecting melanin production or minimally affecting melanin production.
Skin lightening products can be natural and/or chemical-based, each having their pros and cons.
Combining different skin lightening ingredients help to achieve superior results with minimal side effects.
For different reasons, people might need or want to lighten their skin. We generally discourage our patients from trying to change their natural complexion. We can help our patients achieve glowing skin with the use of skin brightening products which are safe to use for long periods with no untoward effects. If you choose however to whiten or bleach your skin, we recommend the use of safer alternatives, under the care of a medical skin specialist and with meticulous sun protection.
As doctors, in practice we are faced with cases of hyperpigmentation that require the use of bleaching or whitening products which we readily use. The difference here is we monitor the use of whatever products we prescribe, using them long enough to achieve the desired results and switching to safer alternatives when our results have been achieved.

Hydroquinone has been the gold standard and remains the gold standard for the treatment of pigmentation problems worldwide. Till date and after use in millions of individuals, no single case of cancer has been to be reported as a direct consequence of the use of hydroquinone. Mutations have been reported following its use in mice in the laboratory and yes, we agree this is cause for concern. This is however not enough reason to do away with hydroquinone because used properly it has had a great safety profile.
The problem with hydroquinone is not in the ingredient but in its user and the way it is used. Hydroquinone should not be used for periods of more than 6 months at a time. Most people using hydroquinone containing products, especially if purchased over the counter, use them for many years. The side effects we are concerned with in the prolonged, indiscriminate use of hydroquinone are exogenous ochronosis and rebound hyperpigmentation.
Exogenous ochronosis is a blue black discoloration mostly on the forehead and sides of the face that comes on after the prolonged use of high concentrations of hydroquinone over long periods. It is extremely difficult to treat. Rebound hyperpigmentation is a situation where the hydroquinone simply stops working, instead the user gets darker, even darker than their original complexion. While this can be helped, it is extremely difficult to manage as well. It can take months to years to get some relief from this.
When used properly, hydroquinone is considered an extremely good lightening agent with an excellent safety profile. Other countries have banned it mainly because of abuse. Even in these countries, it is still available as a highly regulated, prescription-only cosmeceutical.
We advise you use hydroquinone to treat whatever pigmentation problems you may be having then gradually introduce other alternatives you can use for longer periods (Kojic acid, alpha arbutin, niacinamide etc. ), while phasing out the hydroquinone.

A case of Exogenous ochronosis. This discoloration is extremely difficult to manage.

When it comes to Skin of color and aging, the old adage “Black don’t crack” is true – up to a certain point!

We get wrinkling and sagging skin much slower and less than other skin types but our skin does age.

We prefer to use the phrase “graceful aging” rather than “anti-aging”. No one can stop aging as we must all grow older. But with the technology and science available to us today, we can age gracefully, look and feel young and fantastic at any age. Graceful aging is entirely up to us.

How we age varies. Knowing how our genetics, lifestyle and environment affects our skin will help us choose skincare routine’s that are best for us.

As we get older, these are the changes that happen;

  • Our bodies produce less collagen and elastin which are responsible for the structural integrity of our skin.
  • Exposure to the sun and gravity makes our skin sag.
  • Our skin becomes thinner, drier and more fragile because of thinning of the epidermis.
  • Fat beneath the skin in our cheeks, chin and nose disappear, making skin sag even more.
  • Facial hair and acne might increase in women as hormones change.
  • Our body’s ability to fight free radicals and repair damaged cells and collagen slows with age.

Thankfully, the above processes can be slowed down dramatically or even repaired in those whom the effects of aging have set in. The trick to starving off signs of aging is to start a prevention regime in our twenties to early thirties. This is how;

Protect your skin from the sun:

  • Wear Sun protection EVERYDAY (no matter how dark your skin is), even if you are not going outdoors, even if it is a cloudy day. Nothing destroys our skin like the sun. The sun contributes massively to pigmentation problems (age spots), wrinkling and sagging of the skin. Choose from any of our user friendly sun screens in the product (Product) section of this website.
  • Wear a wide brimmed hat and protective clothing and limit your time in the sun especially between the hours of 10am and 4pm when the rays are strongest.


Imbibe healthy lifestyle choices:

  • Eat healthy, loads of vegetables and fruits. This is one of the best things you can do for your skin.
  • Exercise regularly. It reduces stress and helps you sleep better.
  • Drink a lot of water, at least 3 Liters a day. When we drink water, our cells absorb the water, making our skin look plumper, healthier and less wrinkled. Beverages especially alcohol and caffeinated drinks dehydrate our skin.
  • Avoid heavy alcohol drinking and smoking. Smoking is second only to sun damage in causing wrinkles and dry skin. Smokers have significantly more wrinkles than non-smokers.
  • Get plenty of sleep. Seven to eight hours of sleep a day gives your skin the chance to repair damage done during the day, allowing your face to relax and smooth wrinkles that are already there.
  • Avoid chronic stress. Stress produces hormones that increase the levels of free radicals in the body suppressing the immune system, dehydrating the body and thinning out the skin. It wears down the ability of the body and skin to renew and replenish itself.

Choose healthy and appropriate skin care routines.

  • Use products meant for your specific skin type and condition as seen in our “your recommended skin routine” section. Using the wrong products can age your skin prematurely.
  • As people with skin of color, our skin can appear dusty, blotchy and lack brightness as we get older mainly because of the slower cell renewal process. The use of an exfoliator is very important in helping us shed those old cells. Exfoliating washes, toners, scrubs can help us achieve this. 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® Brightening Micro-beaded polish (Link), 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® Smoothing &moisturizing glycolic acid face & body cleanser 10% (Link) , 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® Smoothing & moisturizing glycolic acid face cream 15%(link) are excellent choices for potent exfoliators.
  • We love Vitamin C as part of a graceful aging morning regimen. It not only helps with pigmentation, it is a powerful anti-oxidant, helping to fight free radicals with gentle exfoliating properties. 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® premium Vitamin C serum 20% (Link) or 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® Premium Vitamin C antioxidant pads (link), combined with any of the 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® antioxidant sun protection is an anti-oxidating powerhouse!
  • As we get older, our skin becomes dryer, a rich night cream containing anti-oxidants, peptides, and/or ceramides help to hydrate and reduce sagging skin in the long run, just like the 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® intense nourishing night therapy (link). We also advice the use of a retinol cream as part of our night regimen, as it helps to aid collagen production, prevent hyperpigmentation and control excess oils, just like the 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® enhanced retinol serum 5x (link) and 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® enhanced retinol serum 10x (link).

If your skin is already showing signs of aging, we will need to have a proper assessment at the clinic as people age differently with different concerns. We will then map out a treatment plan that will address your specific needs to help you achieve youthful looking and healthy skin.


What are our views on healthy skin?

Healthy Skin is a mirror of a healthy body. Healthy skin will shine through no matter the complexion or skin color. 101 CLINICAL SKINCARE® is constantly working to help you achieve your best skin possible for as long as possible.

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